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On July 15, 2021, the International and Inter-Civilizational Interaction in Inner Asia: Between Globalization and Localization Panel was organized within the framework of the International Political Science Association (IPSA) Online World Congress.

Chair: Dr. Tseveen Tsetsenbileg (Principal Investigator WVS for Mongolia)

Moderator: Prof. Elena Erokhina

Discussant: Dr. Khatanbold Oidov

The following reports were presented:

The Impact of Globalization on the Religious Landscape of the Kosh-Agach District (Altai Republic). Author: Prof. Elena Erokhina

Central Asia in Facing a Global Challenge: Society's Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic. Author: Dr. Botagoz Rakisheva

Buddhism and Its' Role in Inter-Civilization Interaction in Inner Asia. Author: Dr. Damdin Badaraev. Co-Author (s): Dr. Khatanbold Oidov, Dr. Tseveen Tsetsenbileg

The Philosophical and Methodology Issues on the Study of Inner Asian Civilizations (Case of Mongolia’s Civilization). Author: Dr. Khatanbold Oidov

On July 10 - 15, 2021, the International Political Science Association (IPSA) Virtual World Congress was held. On July 14, the panel Central Asia: Social and Political Values, Attitudes and Beliefs (WVS-7 Survey Findings and Beyond) was held.


Chair: Kseniya Kizilova, Head Of Secretariat at World Values Survey Association (Vienna, Austria),

Moderator: Professor Dr Christian W Haerpfer MSc, President of World Values Survey Association - WVSA (Vienna, Austria)

Discussant: Dr. Kim Sangcheol, Institute of Central Asia, Hankuk University (Seoul, South Korea)

Presentations were made by:

How Do Leading Methods Mislead? Measuring Unmeasurable Public Opinions in Authoritarian Societies

Author: Dr. Ammar Maleki

Traditional and Modern Values of Mongolians

Author: Dr. Tseveen Tsetsenbileg


Western Promotion of Democracy and the Geopolitical Strategy of Russia and China in Central Asia

Author: Ms. Bhavya Pandey

Youth of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan: Life Orientations, Moral Values and Attitudes

Author: Dr. Sangcheol Kim

Botagoz Rakisheva (Principal Investigator WVS for Kazakhstan) and Amina Urpekova (PhD candidate, Corvinus University of Budapest) presented some of the results of the 6th and 7th WVS waves. The Report reflected the results of a comparative analysis of surveys of two waves conducted in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.

On April 16, 2021, a seminar organized by the Central Asia Program (USA, Washington) was held to present the project “Memory from the Flames of Afghanistan”.


Marlene Laruelle, Ph.D., is Director, Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies; Director, Central Asia Program; Co-Director, PONARS-Eurasia; and Research Professor of International Affairs at George Washington University.


Botagoz Rakisheva, Candidate of Sociological Sciences, Director of the Public Opinion Research Institute, Kazakhstan


Elmira Nogoibaeva, Head of the Polis Asia Analytical Center and Esimde (I remember) research platform (Kyrgyzstan)


The Memory from the Flames of Afghanistan project was initiated by Marlene Laruelle, Ph.D., Director, Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies; Director, Central Asia Program; Co-Director, PONARS-Eurasia; and Research Professor of International Affairs at George Washington University) and Botagoz Rakisheva, Candidate of Sociological Sciences (Public Opinion Research Institute, Kazakhstan) in 2012. The main task of the project was to collect information about the Afghan war from its direct participants in order to preserve historical memory. At the first stage of the Project, interviews (Oral history) were conducted with internationalist soldiers of the 1979-1989 Afghan war from Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, and a documentary was filmed. A total of 20 interviews were conducted in Uzbekistan, 31 interviews in Tajikistan, 21 interviews in Kazakhstan. As a result of the project, three books were prepared, which were published by the Kazakhstan Institute for Strategic Studies (KazISS) under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The team of authors would like to thank KazISS for the opportunity to publish these books.

In 2020, at the initiative of the Head of the Polis Asia Analytical Center and the Esimde project (Kyrgyzstan) Elmira Nogoibaeva, the project was carried out in Kyrgyzstan, which resulted in the 4th volume of the book “Memory from the Flames of Afghanistan” which includes interviews with internationalist soldiers, documentary film “Man in War” and an exhibition of documentary photography from the archives of Kyrgyzstan citizens who served in Afghanistan. The exhibition was organized by Natalia Andrianova, Zarema Kolkombaeva. Documentary was filmed by Nazikbek Kydyrmyshev. In Kyrgyzstan, 21 interviews were conducted with veterans of the Afghan war of 1979-1989, with soldiers and officers from various branches of military units. Interviews were conducted by the Head of the Project Elmira Nogoibaeva and Nazikbek Kydyrmyshev. The authors would like to thank the Open Society Institute, OSI (Open Society Foundation) for the opportunity to publish the book.

Four volumes of the book “Memory from the Flames of Afghanistan” are posted on the following web-sites:

“Esimde” Discussion Platform:

Public Opinion Research Institute:

Documentary films are posted on the web-sites:

“Memory from the Flames of Afghanistan” (Kazakhstan):

“Man in War” (Kyrgyzstan):


Marlene Laruelle, Ph.D., is Director, Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies; Director, Central Asia Program; Co-Director, PONARS-Eurasia; and Research Professor of International Affairs at George Washington University. She works on political, social and cultural changes in the post-Soviet space. Marlene’s research explores the transformations of nationalist and conservative ideologies in Russia, nationhood construction in Central Asia, as well as the development of Russia’s Arctic regions. She has been the Principal Investigator of several grants on Russian nationalism, on Russia’s strategies in the Arctic, and on Central Asia’s domestic and foreign policies from the US State Department, the Defense Department, the National Science Foundation, Open Society Foundations, Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Henry Luce Foundation, etc.



Botagoz Rakisheva, Candidate of Sociological Sciences, Director of the Public Opinion Research Institute, Kazakhstan ( Botagoz is the Principal Investigator of the World Values Survey-wave 7 in Kazakhstan, the National Representative of WAPOR in Kazakhstan, a member of ESOMAR, ESCAS, the Scientific and Expert Council of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan. Since 2020, she has been a lecturer at the Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Previously, she worked at the Kazakhstan Institute for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Institute for Comparative Social Research CESSI-Kazakhstan. Research interests: methodology of sociological research, comparative intercountry surveys, Kazakh diaspora, migration, socio-political processes in Central Asia, youth of Central Asia, Oral history.

Elmira Nogoibaeva, Head of the Polis Asia Analytical Center (Kyrgyzstan) since 2007. Researcher of socio-political processes in Central Asia. Previously, she worked as the Head of the department and Editor of the analytical journal “Orientir” at the International Strategic Research Institute under the President of Kyrgyz Republic. In 2010, together with her team she researched the inter-ethnic conflict between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks, including “Analysis of the situation in the conflict southern regions of Kyrgyzstan” - ICAF. She founded the Academy of Civic Education, which was included in The Council of Europe Schools of Political Studies (Strasbourg). In 2017, together with her associates, she founded the Esimde (I remember) research platform, based on the principles and methods of memory studies memory activity in Kyrgyzstan.

Video from seminar is on the web-site Central Asia Program:

On March 12, 2021, the CAREC Institute (Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation), the Public Opinion Research Institute (Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan) held a joint online (ZOOM) / offline seminar “Analysis of Public Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccinations in Selected CAREC Countries (Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan)”.

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has triggered a global health emergency, which has quickly morphed into an economic crisis of unprecedented proportions, not seen since WWII. Loss of lives and the mounting economic woes have affected the livelihood of millions of people throughout the world. The impact on the CAREC countries has been severe, with the extent yet to be fully gauged.

Securing broad and effective immunization programs for the population is vital, not only for preserving health and lives, but also for ensuring robust economic recovery in the CAREC region. A number of reliable vaccines have become available meanwhile. Now, the CAREC countries face the challenge to reach the population in a fast and comprehensive way. While development of vaccines at unprecedented speed have raised hopes of turning the tide against the pandemic, the interplay of information and disinformation in the age of social media has led to widespread apprehensions towards vaccines. This poses serious challenge for the vaccination programs. Well-designed methods and channels of distribution of vaccines must include well-selected information for the public as key for success. This requires empirical research to inform public policy discourses on the subject. In this context, The CAREC Institute together with the Public Opinion Research Institute (Kazakhstan) conducted population polls about attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccinations in seven CAREC countries: Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The total sample of the research is 7000 respondents. Date of the survey: December 2020 - January 2021.

The results showed that there is considerable lack of information and strong resistance against vaccinations among a sizeable percentage of the polled population in all seven CAREC countries. The report presented at the workshop analyses what arguments are put forward by the interviewees in favor and against vaccination. An interesting outcome is, for example, that in all CAREC countries the pro-vaccination argument “I want to protect my family” counts much higher than the argument “I want to protect myself”. The report discusses also how attitudes are influenced by previous health and economic exposure to the pandemic and by the socio-demographic background.

The polls are meant to provide governments with information for properly designing their vaccination programs while taking into account the general public’s concerns. Success of vaccination drives depends, in large part, on successful awareness and information campaigns based on scientific facts and arguments. Governments in the region have already gained valuable experience in running large public service campaigns using all forms of media, which can now be leveraged to dispel disinformation regarding vaccines.

The workshop on 12 March shall brought together stakeholders from governments, experts, and also the broader public to discuss the results of the polls in above mentioned 7 countries, differences and similarities among CAREC countries, and what conclusions might be drawn for vaccination and information campaigns in the respective countries. Areas of potential cooperation among the CAREC countries on these issues were also explored.

The seminar was attended by representatives of 28 countries.

About CAREC ( The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Institute is an intergovernmental organization, jointly governed by 11 member countries, with an international organization status in the PRC, dedicated to promoting economic cooperation among CAREC members through research, capacity building, policy advocacy, and partnerships. The Institute acts as a knowledge connector among the five CAREC clusters - economic and financial stability; trade, tourism, and economic corridors; infrastructure and economic connectivity; agriculture and water; and human development - to ensure coherence in design and implementation of policies, programs, and projects to promote regional economic cooperation and integration, where integration is defined as a strategy that promotes the benefits of collective and collaborative activities among member countries through economies of scale, more vigorous intra-regional trade, expansion of markets, shared information platforms for exchange, and harmonized frameworks for social and economic interaction. 

About PORI ( The Public Opinion Research Institute (Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan) was established in 2013 by a group of sociologists with professional experience of more than 20 years. The Institute specializes in the study of public opinion, conducts marketing and sociological studies, both in Kazakhstan and in other countries of the world. Research Institute staff members are members of international professional networks - European Society of Marketing Research Professionals ESOMAR (, World Association for Public Opinion Research (WAPOR), Association of Turkic Sociologists, WVS (World Values Survey), European Society for Central Asian Studies ESCAS and etc. The Institute takes part in following projects: World Values Survey (7th wave), Values in a Crisis survey, Youth in Central Asia of the Fredrich Ebert Foundation (1st wave), Turkbarometer of the International Turkic Academy, PIAAC (Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competences, OECD). For more than 15 years, the specialists of the Institute have been conducting surveys of the Kazakh diaspora in Central Asia, the CIS, China, Mongolia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the USA, Western Europe, etc.

February 11, 2021 Botagoz Rakisheva, PhD in Sociology (Public Opinion Research Institute) joined the international team of WAPOR participants becoming the National Representative of Kazakhstan

About WAPOR. For 70 years, the World Association for Public Opinion has promoted the highest professional standards, ethics and techniques for polling around the world.

Our international membership represents the industry’s most respected names in the survey and public opinion research field.

Through publications, seminars, meetings and educational initiatives we engage in a rich ongoing conversation about how best to collect data and maintain data quality not just in advanced democracies, but also in emerging democracies.